29 September 2011 by -

An appeals court in Paris on Wednesday rejected a Rwandan request to extradite alleged genocide mastermind Agathe Habyarimana, widow of the Rwandan president whose death sparked the 1994 genocide.

Juvénal Habyarimana's widow, Agathe Kanziga Habyarimana, who has lived in France for over 15 years, was accused of being a key member of the "akazu" - Kinyarwanda for "little house" - inner circle that planned and implemented the killings which began after her husband's plane was shot down on April 6, 1994.

27 September 2011 by Franck Petit

During his first visit to France since the 1994 genocide Rwandan President Paul Kagame repeated his will to “move forward”, to “overcome past disputes” and enter without delay into the second phase of reconciliation.

23 May 2005 by Emmanuel Chicon

The second "Rwandan" trial that opened in Brussels on 9 May failed to attract the crowd of impassioned spectators who had gathered for the judgement of the Butare Four in 2001. This time, two small-time businessmen appeared in the dock, a successful beer wholesaler and his half-brother, the patron of a street bar and local bus company. Both are accused of actively participating in the execution of the genocide in the prefecture of Kibungo.

21 February 2005 by Thierry Cruvellier

Every year, the run-up to the annual commemoration of the Rwandan genocide that began on April 1994, generates a flurry of legal activity. This year is no different, with a number of complaints lodged last year continuing or being repeated in 2005. Last week in Spain and France, NGOs from opposing political camps announced they were filing new complaints, while in Rwanda, the start of the gacaca trials is now set for March.

21 May 2007 by -

On May 11, a judicial inquiry was opened in a French court regarding the widow of former Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana. Agathe Habyarimana, whose request for refugee status was denied in February [IJT-61-62], is now threatened by proceedings for "complicity in genocide and crimes against humanity," reports Agence France Presse. A complaint was filed against her on February 13 by an NGO, the Collective of Civil Parties for Rwanda (CPCR).

06 November 2006 by Pierre Hazan

France's attitude towards international criminal justice is marked by ambiguity. Paris subscribes to a vision of the world in which international humanitarian law is considered a way to curb violence against civilian populations, but at the same time it is wary of an unchecked judicial system that could end up prosecuting French soldiers engaged in areas where it has old and deep-rooted interests.

18 June 2007

Ntuyahaga: political trial for a ghost

"Was there a genocide? You'd have to ask a specialist. I'm a military man; it's too much to ask of me." Bernard Ntuyahaga, a former major in the Rwandan Armed Forces (FAR), sometimes gave irritated half answers in response to questions from the judges of the Court of Assises in Brussels. In the troubled hours following the attack on President Juvénal Habyarimana's plane on the evening of April 6, 1994, this G4 army officer (logistics) seemed a stranger to the events. "A ghost in Kigali," quipped presiding judge Karin Gérard.

Israel cornered by Occupied Territories

After the genocide of the Jews during the Second World Ward and since the 1950s, Israel has been actively engaged in the project for an international criminal court. In Rome, in 1998, its leaders hoped to be able to adhere to the Rome Statute creating the International Criminal Court (ICC). But the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians - and the continued existence of settlements in the Occupied Territories, which puts Israel at risk of being accused by the court - decided otherwise.

Brief news:

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• Lebanon: Will new attacks go before the Special Court?

• ICTY: 35 years for Martic